Arthur Corbin Gould was an enthusiastic member of the Massachusetts Rifle Association in the 1880s. A skillful shooter and a student of firearms mechanics and ballistics, he founded the publication which is the American Rifleman today. First issued in May 1885 under the name of The Rifle, it reported on rifle shooting and rifle clubs until July 2, 1888 when the name was changed to Shooting and Fishing and its scope was broadened to include outdoor recreation with rod and gun.
Mr. Gould initiated through the pages of the magazine several movements which led to the advancement of organized shooting in this country. In the early 1880s many targets of different dimensions and shapes were in use by shooting groups, and records exited for scores made on each target. Through the pages of The Rifle a discussion of targets was initiated, and a poll of organized shooting groups conducted, which led to the adoption as the Standard American target that was designed by Charles W. Hinman.
Mr. Gould gave impetus to organized pistol and revolver target shooting with a department devoted to "Revolver and Pistol" which appeared first in the December 1886 issue. It is recorded that the first public competitions with handguns were held at Tir de Versailles, near Paris, in 1879. The first pistol competitions in this country were fired in the 15th Annual NRA Matches at Creedmoor in 1887. The attention given this activity in The Rifle and Shooting and Fishing was of considerable importance in furthering handgun competition.
For several years prior to 1900 the National Rifle Association existed essentially in name only, its annual competition being conducted under the auspices of the New Jersey Rifle Association at Sea Girt, NJ. Mr. Gould and the then-secretary of the New Jersey Rifle Association, Albert S. Jones, initiated through the columns of Shooting and Fishing a movement to organize a League of American Rifleman for the revival of the International Palma Trophy Match, last fired between Ireland and the United States in 1880. This led directly to the reorganization pro team on September 5, 1900, of the National Rifle Association of America, which reorganization became official at a meeting of the NRA Board of Directors on December 17, 1900.
Mr. Gould's interest in firearms produced two books, The Modern American Pistol and Revolver in 1888, and Modern American Rifles in 1891.